There are some ingredients that you include in cosmetic formulas to provide a benefit to consumers. These we call functional cosmetic ingredients.
There are other ingredients you use to make your formula feel better, smell nicer, look better, and remain stable. We call these aesthetic modifiers.
But there is one other class of ingredient that helps sell cosmetics. These are claims ingredients. These ingredients are important because the specifically help to support the story that your marketing people want to tell.
Let’s face it, the main functional ingredients in cosmetic products so not have pretty, consumer-friendly names. If you want to make a skin lotion that is great for moisturizing, you will use petrolatum or mineral oil. Or you might use one of the many synthetic emollients or silicones that get results. These things will create great working products. But they won’t thrill the cosmetic-buying consumer.
Sodium lauryl sulfate might be great for making lots of suds and cleaning skin and hair, but the name sounds like something you might find in garage floor cleaner. (You actually will because it’s an excellent detergent).
While consumers want the benefits that these synthetic, man-made ingredient can provide, they often don’t like the name of the ingredients that go with it. Consumers would rather think that their formulas contain special, natural ingredients that are wholesome, easy-to-pronounce, and are “chemical free.”
If you want to sell products that consumers want to buy, you’ll need to placate their desire for simpler, less chemical-sounding ingredients. That’s where marketing ingredients come in.
These ingredients go by many names including
- Marketing ingredients
- Featured ingredients
- Claims ingredients
- Story ingredients
- Fairy dust
They all basically mean the same thing. These are ingredients added to your formula specifically to provide a story for your marketing group to talk about.
How much do you use?
When an ingredient is used for claims purposes you don’t have to use very much. When I first started in the industry my company had a rule that you had to add these ingredients at a minimum of 0.05%. So, even if the ingredient didn’t have any impact on the performance of the product, you had to include at least that much. I guess that was because if someone did an analysis of the product you’d still be able to detect the presence of the ingredient.
But detection levels got better and we saw that if we lowered the level of these claims ingredients to 0.005% we could save more than a million dollars a year in cost savings. So, that was the new standard for our claims ingredients.
In the US, the FDA has no defined limit on how much of an ingredient you have to add to claim it on your packaging. The overriding rule is that if you claim there is an ingredient in your product, you have to be able to demonstrate that you added it. This isn’t homeopathy.
Why not use more of them?
While these ingredients usually have some folkloric story of use throughout history, they are only used in formulas for claims purposes. There are a variety of reasons these raw materials aren’t used as the main functional ingredient. These include…
- They haven’t been proven highly effective – synthetics just work better
- They are proven effective but are too expensive to use at high enough levels
- Other synthetic ingredients work better
- They are traditionally believed to be effective but have never been proven so
- There is not enough of the ingredient available for mass produced beauty products
Types of claims ingredients
There are lots of different types of claims ingredients and which ingredients you use in your formula is dependent on the marketing story that you want to tell. In a previous post I listed 7 types of cosmetic story ingredients. From a formulator standpoint, I would say the following ingredients would be added for the purposes of cosmetic claims. Some of these may have actual benefits but in the vast majority of cases, they are added at low levels to support a marketing story.
- Natural extracts
- Natural source materials
- Advanced technology ingredients
- Made-up technologies
- Natural moisturizing factors
- Exotic sounding ingredients
- Location ingredients
If you are making a new formula and need to find a suitable story ingredient, you can’t go wrong with any of these.