Home Cosmetic Science Talk Formulating Tips for formulating with Copper PCA?

  • Tips for formulating with Copper PCA?

    Posted by fareloz on July 11, 2023 at 7:40 am

    Hi all! I am struggling to introduce Copper PCA to my formula. No matter what I do and what suggestion I follow (4-6 pH, no natural organic compounds like extracts, no EDTA because it precipitates etc) the solution from blue turns to green. As I understand copper oxidizes and gives the green color instead of blue.

    This happens even for the plain water+Copper PCA solution (so my actual formula doesn’t really matter). How does companies make it stable? Any deas?

    Thanks in advance!

    fareloz replied 1 week, 5 days ago 6 Members · 10 Replies
  • 10 Replies
  • gordof

    Member
    July 11, 2023 at 8:09 am

    hmm for me it sounds like a uv Indicated Reaction. Oxidative is possible. Does it happen in the Dark as well?

    Maybe you can add something that absorbs that out of the formulation. Ethylhexyl Methoxycinnamate might help.

    I think because of the coloration to green it sounds like you have a lot of Ion reaction with the copper. what kind of water are you using are you adding other ingredients that have a bigger load of Iones like Xantan for example?

    • fareloz

      Member
      July 11, 2023 at 3:30 pm

      Does it happen in the Dark as well?

      Yes

      what kind of water are you using

      Bottled distilled water from one of suppliers

      adding other ingredients that have a bigger load of iones like Xantan for example?

      Indeed, in one formula I add a bit of Xanthan. But the green reaction happens even in pure water.

  • RobboAU

    Member
    July 11, 2023 at 9:37 pm

    Does it happen immediately upon dissolving when mixing in plain water?

    Aqueous copper ions form colourful complex ions with anions. Cu2+ and Cl- famously make a green solution.

    • fareloz

      Member
      July 12, 2023 at 5:29 am

      It happens after a few weeks. Of course the process is gradual, but I notice the huge difference in color after few weeks

  • Abdullah

    Member
    July 11, 2023 at 9:51 pm

    Maybe some water soluble antioxidant help.

  • ketchito

    Member
    July 11, 2023 at 10:22 pm

    Manufacturers of Copper PCA mention it as being an antioxidant. Color change can be linked in this case to an oxidation process. If that’s the case, it would actually be doing its job (being oxidized instead of some other molecule), so perhaps this is not an issue.

    • ketchito

      Member
      July 12, 2023 at 7:17 am

      @fareloz Please disregard my previous comment, I didn’t read the part where you mention copper PCA oxidizes even when added to water. As @PhilGeis mentioned, addind sodium metabisulfite would be a good option. I’d also add a chelant like EDTA or DTPA.

  • PhilGeis

    Member
    July 12, 2023 at 6:21 am

    Bottled water may have been treated with ozone - residue that would oxidize your copper. Industrial ozonated systens use UV to eliminate the stuff. Activated carboon works - you might try bisulfite addition to test the concept.

  • fareloz

    Member
    May 7, 2024 at 4:30 am

    UPDATE:

    It appeared the problem is water. Distilled water apparently is not the same as deionized water. Due to metal ions in water the copper part of Copper PCA was replaced with these free ions. Then copper ions oxidized. The solution was to replace the water source to have deionized water. The good source is water after reverse osmosis filter without remineralization step.

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