Home Cosmetic Science Talk Formulating Optimal Titanium Dioxide particle size for concealers?

  • Optimal Titanium Dioxide particle size for concealers?

    Posted by Zink on April 23, 2015 at 4:09 am

    I typically use 200-250 nm TiO2 at 10%, does particle size matter a lot? 

    Launching a high coverage concealer for acneic skin this year :)
    Zink replied 9 years ago 3 Members · 3 Replies
  • 3 Replies
  • Bobzchemist

    April 24, 2015 at 2:08 pm

    @Zink, All other things being equal, for the same weight of pigment, as particle size decreases, the opacity/coverage of TiO2 or ZnO increases. This holds true until you get down to particle sizes that are too small to reflect visible light frequencies, which is how transparent dispersions for sunscreens are obtained. 

    That being said, there are two levels of particle size reduction. The first level is de-agglomeration, which breaks up clumps of pigment until you get down to the primary particle size. This level is relatively easy. 
    The second level is reducing the primary particle size. This is much more difficult and energy intensive, and may not even be possible with any standard cosmetic processing equipment short of a jet mill.

  • pma

    April 24, 2015 at 11:35 pm

    Maybe the shape of the particle can make some difference as well:

  • Zink

    April 26, 2015 at 1:51 am

    Thanks @Bobzchemist had a feeling you’d chime in on this one (and happy chemistscorner ranks high on google, so many others with the same question are likely to find this thread).

    In lieu of a Jetpulverizer or proprietary shaped particles, these are the options I’ve found readily available in stores, so in this case makingcosmetics or possibly soap goods could be good choices with relatively low particle sizes?

    barmbleberry: doesn’t list particle size
    bulkapothecary: doesn’t list particle size
    essentialwholesale: 263 - 1233 nm

    makingcosmetics: 200 - 250 nm
    newdirectionsaromatic: 325 nm mesh size
    soapgoods: > 100 nm (USP)

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