Home Cosmetic Science Talk Formulating Electrolytes

  • Electrolytes

    Posted by free9s on April 23, 2024 at 5:22 pm

    Hello!

    I usually consider ingredients’ charges when formulating
    Is it the same as electrolyte and what’s the difference between them.

    Please I need an answer, I’m so confused.

    Thanks in advance.

    chemicalmatt replied 3 weeks, 4 days ago 2 Members · 1 Reply
  • 1 Reply
  • chemicalmatt

    Member
    April 24, 2024 at 2:00 pm

    Any material that has a significant polar charge may be considered an electrolyte. Those having ionic bonds (salts) are the most highly charged given their high polarity in relation to their mass. Those with higher molecular mass (organic materials), or covalently shared ionic functional groups have lower charge-mass ratios and are therefore less electrolytic. Amino acids and proteins are mildly charged whereas quaternary ammonium compounds are more strongly charged with ionic strength inversely proportional to their mass: i.e. cetrimonium chloride is more electrolytic than behentrimonium chloride. The ionic nature (mono-, di-, tri-valent), structure and molar mass of the anion and cation also factor into this. This is the short answer, there is much more. There will not be a test however.

Log in to reply.