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  • I see a lot of people suggesting that you use cetearyl alcohol, and while I agree that it is a good choice, I personally have never seen any benefit of using it over cetyl alcohol alone. If cetyl alcohol is cheaper or more widely available in your …
  • Technically speaking, you don't need either of those to make hand sanitizer. Those are just additions to create a gel-like consistency. You could try using sepimax zen, or any other gel-type thickener.
  • @Jennycat I will check my sample's pH. Thinking about it, that would make sense. Thanks.
  • While I agree with @Belassi that you can make your own ethanol using a still, I think I should add that you should always check the laws on distilling alcohol in your country/region first. Here in British Columbia, it is illegal to distill alcohol …
  • Here in Canada SLES is also pretty cheap, but so is Olefin sulphonate. I find SLES to be the better of the two, if only by a thin margin. For a business, SLES would be the better choice because in bulk, it is way cheaper than most of the other surf…
  • To give you proper help, we would need your full formula. Otherwise, we can't really help.
  • I know that @Belassi has done some testing/research into using coffee in formulation. Not so sure about caffeine. I would say that it is mostly a marketing ingredient. If you want to add it to your formula, I would just use coffee. 
  • Depends on what you're going for. Anywhere between 0.1%-10% is usually used. I would probably add a silicone or mineral oil to this before worrying about shea butter. As it stands, I cant imagine that this cream would do much good for eczema (comin…
  • I would say that an increase and wax combined with 5% HCO should be more than enough to form a stable emulsion. You will have to try it to find out though. Lecithin is a pretty poor emulsifier so it does not add much to the overall formula anyways.
  • Increase wax or add a different wax like candelilla. Lower PVP from 5% to 2%. 5% PVP is likely to produce a sticky, hardening mess.  Remove aloe gel. Remove lecithin, it is a horrible emulsifier. If you can, I would streak a sample of this product…
  • If you look hard enough, you might.  Truth be told, no one uses flaxseed to make gels in cosmetics because flaxseed gels suck. In the past, I tried to make a passable product out of them but it just isn't worth it. If you want to stay natural, try …
  • For my shampoos, I use 10%-15% asm. 
  • That whole coating the hair thing is used as a marketing term. Most of the time, thickening products make hair looks thicker by incorporating a polymer into the product which will give your hair volume and keep the hair toghether.  You can do this …
  • This is unrelated, but may I ask what kind of product you are making?
  • I agree with @Belassi . Both shea butter and coconut oil have low melting points. Without adding something like wax, it will never remain stable at 45C.  Why would you be worried about the source being a synthetic derivative? In no way, shape or fo…
  • When water starts to emerge from a product, it is usually because the emulsion is not quite good and needs an extra bit of help. Alternatively, this could also be due to poor mixing of the product. After adding fragrance and preservatives, I usuall…
  • Frankly, I would say that a phenoxyethanol blend would be best if you cant do parabens. Your formula is rich in bug food and I can't see a natural preservative doing the job.
  • @Gunther @ngarayeva001 Thanks for the extra input. I have considered making my own cetearyl alcohol and I might give it a try. As for the behenyl alcohol, I will do some research and see if I might give it a try.
  • Pour temps will depend from formula to formula. Since you're using waxes, you will have to pour at a higher temperature so that it does not clump. If pouring at high heat is causing issues for you, you can always heat your container up a bit and po…
  • Consistency is something which you will have to play with to get right. Each formula is quote different when it comes to getting the perfect texture. The stickiness likely has something to do with the PVP and the high level of ceteareth.
  • @Belassi I completely agree, however none of the suppliers I currently use sell cetearyl alcohol. If I truly wanted, I could obtain some,  but for the time being I find it more convenient to keep my number of suppliers to a minimum.
  • Ceteareth-25 is generally a great emulsifier and it does provide a bit of hold but for this project I would recommend trying something else. You could try Emulsifying Wax NF or PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil (or a mix of both).  Polysorbate 80 migh…
  • Forgot to mention that ceteareth-25 is non-polar and goes in the oil phase.
  • If you're not trying to make a gel, I would not use more than 3-4% ceteareth. It has some thickening and gelling properties which end up being more pronounced when you go past these levels. Frankly, it's not the kind of emulsifier which I would sugg…
  • (Quote) 
I support this proposition. ^^
  • Oils in shampoos tend to be used at levels of ~0.1%. They are only there to be used as claims ingredients. Oils serve no useful purpose in shampoos.
  • @ngarayeva001 Thanks for the advice! I currently have the cetyl alcohol at 5% in my formula so we'll see how it turns out.
  • @crillz @jemolian Thanks! That's roughly what I was going to try but I just wanted to confirm that it wouldn't end up a liquid. Thanks again.
  • I also noticed that your have no emulsifier. How are you keeping these ingredients toghether? Are you just shaking vigorously? 

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