MariaZ
Member

in Formulating

Hello,

I am trying to figure out how much %w/w of 96,25 ethanol is needed for a sanitizing gel of 80% v/v pure ethanol content.

My supplier has told me that the specific gravity of the 96,25% ethanol I purchased is 0,8053.

Hence, I calculate that 80% v/v of pure ethanol corresponds to 83,12% v/v of 96,25% ethanol.

My sanitizer % v/v is:

water 14,81 % v/v

ethanol (96,25%) 83,12% v/v

glycerin 1,45% v/v

carbomer 0,5% w/w

hydrogen peroxide 0,125% v/v

My question is how do I convert % v/v to % w/w?

And then how can I confirm that my calculations are correct?

I am trying to figure out how much %w/w of 96,25 ethanol is needed for a sanitizing gel of 80% v/v pure ethanol content.

My supplier has told me that the specific gravity of the 96,25% ethanol I purchased is 0,8053.

Hence, I calculate that 80% v/v of pure ethanol corresponds to 83,12% v/v of 96,25% ethanol.

My sanitizer % v/v is:

water 14,81 % v/v

ethanol (96,25%) 83,12% v/v

glycerin 1,45% v/v

carbomer 0,5% w/w

hydrogen peroxide 0,125% v/v

My question is how do I convert % v/v to % w/w?

And then how can I confirm that my calculations are correct?

## Comments

https://www.cosmeticsandtoiletries.com/formulating/function/antimicrobial/US-FDA-Hand-Sanitizer-Solutions-Explained-570121061.html

Thank you for the link. I had seen this link, and it helped me a lot to understand the whole process. I also need help on understanding how the specific gravities are calculated because I have 96,25% ethanol instead of 95%. As ethanol is a controlled commodity in Greece, we need to be exact with how much we use. Can you send me the formulas based on which you found the amount of ethanol needed for the sanitizer? My supplier has given me the specific gravity of 96,25% ethanol to be 0,8053. How do you find how much of this to use in order to obtain a sanitizer with 80% v/v ethanol content? And how do you convert this to % w/w? Then I have to re-convert this to ethanol volume (anhydrous) as this is needed to be kept in our records for customs control.

Everything in your formula should be by weight. So calculate what volume of alcohol you need and convert it to mass. Also, you are missing a base to neutralize your carbomer.